Erosion of the uterus: causes, signs and methods of treatment
Erosion of the uterus is a pathological changemucosa, which occur in about 50% of women. And in medicine, in fact, erosion and pseudo-erosion are different. Therefore, doctors initially conduct a complete examination to prescribe adequate treatment according to the diagnosis.
Among the main symptoms of erosion are calledbloody discharge, mostly after sexual intercourse, as well as pain directly during intercourse. However, such symptoms may not be. The point is that the place between the vagina and the uterus, that is, the cervix, has practically no nerve endings. As a rule, erosion is detected directly during a preventive examination by a gynecologist.
Erosion of the uterus, the causes of which will be discussed below, as a rule, begins to manifest itself at a more serious stage. That's why experts advise visiting a gynecologist twice a year.
So, the causes of the disease can be as follows:
- Changes in the level of the hormonal background.
- The presence of sexual infections and untimely treatment.
- Low level of body protection.
- Mechanical damage.
Note that the causes of the development of the disease canbe set. As for hormonal failure, it can occur due to an increase in the level of estradiol and progesterone in the blood, as well as a decrease in the production of estrogens. As a result, loosening of the epithelial tissue occurs, and uterine erosion occurs. Also, chronic vaginal inflammations can be factors contributing to pathology. All viruses and bacteria cause damage to epithelial cells, resulting in an area of inflammation in the cervix.
What is the danger of erosion of the cervix?If there is no correct and timely treatment, neoplasms can develop, both benign and malignant. In addition, the disease sometimes grows into a more severe stage, for example, in glandular-cystic erosion. Therefore, to neglect preventive examinations should not be.
Among the main methods of treatment of the disease should be mentioned:
- radio wave method;
- chemical coagulation;
- argon-plasma coagulation;
Judging by the results of many studies, erosionThe uterus is treated as effectively as possible by laser coagulation. The main principle of the procedure is that the lesion is affected by a laser. Due to the fact that this method involves the use of high-quality optics, the effect is only on damaged tissue. The laser coagulation technique allows to treat erosion in nulliparous women due to its "sparing" basis. The fact is that this procedure does not leave scarring, therefore the risk of rupture of the cervix during labor significantly decreases.
For treatment to have the maximum effect, it is necessary to exclude the presence of sexual infections. Otherwise, the therapy will not bring the expected results.
Previously the most common method of treatmentwas a cauterization, known since the 18th century, when the procedure was performed with a device resembling a soldering iron. But erosion of the uterus in this case is eliminated along with the epithelium, as a result of which a multilayer epithelium is formed on the wound site. And for several weeks should maintain a sterile condition of the cervix, so that the wound could be delayed. At this time, it is strictly forbidden to lift weights and engage in sexual intercourse.