Great Utrish. Anapa, Big Utrish: reviews of holidaymakers
The landscape-floristic reserve, locatedon the Abrau Peninsula, is called the Great Utrish. Formed in 1994, it occupied an area of 5,112 hectares and stretched along the sea for 12 kilometers, down to the Navagir ridge in the north. And it's not strange, this wild place belongs to the resort city of Anapa. It is not strange because all the coastal municipal formations are stretched for kilometers along the coast.
Many legends are associated with these beautiful places. The peninsula is named after Abrau Lake, which in turn was named after the beauty who once lived here and, thanks to a meeting with a loved one who escaped the flood and the pond formed on the site of her village. The flood was sent by the gods in punishment to cynical rich men, teasing hungry poor cakes.
Big Utrish, or rather, the second part of its name,in the translation from Adyghe language means "split mountain". A lot of legends are connected with him too. Big Utrish is in the west of the Krasnodar Territory, at the foot of the Caucasus Mountains. According to one version, it was here that Zeus, who was angry with the theft of fire from Olympus, cut the rock with lightning, and chained Prometheus to one of the steep walls of the formed gorge. According to the same legend, the waters of the Black Sea, which washed the place of suffering of the Greek titan, were so healing that after the liberation of the wound Prometheus instantly disappeared as soon as he plunged into coastal waves. They are famous for their healing properties and still, and one of the mountains is called - the rock of Prometheus. Local legends claim that Jason also came here for the golden fleece and Medea.
Big Utrish, its entire territory and water areaare unique in the number, properties and age of vegetation and algae (there are 227 species). Some trees have reached a thousand years of age. Pitsunda pine, pistachio and scumia, pack and tall junipers are representatives of the relic flora, which is so rich in the reserve of Great Utrish, and which makes it unique even against the background of the unusual flora and fauna of the entire Black Sea coast. There are 107 species of shrubs and trees and 75 different herbaceous plants.
In the Red Book, 60 representatives of the localflora. Fauna is also unique. Of all its representatives living on land and in the sea, it is worth highlighting the Mediterranean tortoise, empuzu striped (a kind of mantis), which was considered extinct. Steppe steppe (the largest grasshopper in Russia), Aesculapius skid, (a fairly rare representative of the monotonous snakes) also live in the reserve. There are a lot of birds here, including rare ones, such as the mute swan that hibernates on the estuarine lakes. Special words deserve the rare species of Mediterranean butterflies that live in the reserve.
Problems of the reserve
The Red Book can be replenished with disappearingspecies, as in 2011 it was decided to significantly reduce the area of the reserve and the formation of the "Utrish" reserve on its territory. The lands between the second and third lagoons, on which the unique juniper-pistachio forest has long been found, were torn away. All this is planned to be given for the construction of another health complex and its infrastructure with access roads. Therefore, the Internet is a campaign called "Save Big Utrish".
In clear sunny weather from located at 20kilometers Anapa clearly visible scenic land belt, crashing into the sea. Big Utrish, named so unlike the village of Maly Utrish, is located in this most unique place in beauty.
Rocks and lakes, mountains and estuaries, beauties of the lagoon with clear, transparent sea water attract many tourists.
Partly the need for accommodation is met by the private sector. Big Utrish is a relatively small village, but it provides the maximum service for tourists.
There are apartments for rent,mini-hotels, rent out homes and cottages. Apartments here are cheaper than in Anapa, and getting here thanks to the large number of minibuses is not difficult: 15, from the strength of 20 minutes - and here it is, the village. And in September they ply on the specified route until 9 o'clock in the evening. You can say that civilization is near. In summer, tent camps and camping sites are scattered on the shore. For lovers of peace and wildlife here is a paradise. Rooms in the private sector can be booked by phone and booked.
Wild rest means lack of city amenities
However, one must have a clear idea of thewhat kind of service do you expect, and what is the wild nature that does not imply the presence of asphalted paths, gas and clean drinking water. The village of Bolshoy Utrish, as already noted, is very small, only three streets. But, as well as on any coast, the living space here is available for every taste.Comfortable rooms are rented in guest houses"Arina", "On the Black Sea", "On the Forest, 1". In addition to the extraordinary beauty of nature, the undoubted merits of this place of rest include its healing properties. Mountain air saturated with the scents of the relict forests, pure sea water and, what is especially appreciated now, in the heyday of the popularity of stone therapy (stone and mineral treatment), wild fine hot pebbles. All this in abundance is possessed by Big Utrish. Reviews, however, are very different - from unconditionally enthusiastic panegyrics to grumbling. On the ground there are very few places or objects that cause only positive feelings and responses. Before the trip here you need to decide what kind of vacation you need - this will help you choose the right place of residence.
In the reserve area everyone is attracted - the air,mountains, lakes, the sea and, of course, the beach. Big Utrish has 6 large places for bathing and sunbathing. The largest - Central beach - meets all modern requirements. It is fully equipped and can provide any services for cultural recreation, this is one of the best pebbly beaches of the coast.
Four lagoons of the reserve have their own beaches,each of which has its own flavor and attractiveness. Near the first bay there is a beautiful waterfall "Zhemchuzhny", the coast of the second gulf is not included in the reserve, and it attracts lovers of wild rest. The beach of the third lagoon has a very convenient exit to the sea, and part of the shore of the fourth bay is covered with very small pebbles. Since the times of the USSR, the naturist beach of the Great Utrish is known all over the country. It is not equipped, but popular. Passage to it is indicated by inscriptions on barrels, which also refers to the sights of this place. And although the beach is often subjected to police checks, the people's path to it does not grow.
One of the oldest dolphinariums in the country
In addition to interesting beaches, incrediblepopularizes the Great Utrish Dolphinarium, which is also a research base. If your city has a dolphinarium, then the local one will not surprise you, because the training programs and performances of sea animals are similar, because experts exchange experience. The local institution is famous precisely as a scientific base, but also as entertainment in the wild, it also delights holidaymakers, especially children. Located on the Salt Lake and opened in 1984 (it is 10 years older than the reserve), the Utrish Dolphinarium is good because the animals in it are almost in natural conditions, because in the immediate vicinity - the Black Sea coast, on which frolic their wild brethren.The central office of the base is in Moscow, and shehas many branches in different cities of Russia. In addition to serious scientific and technical activities, the dolphinarium is engaged in popularizing knowledge of marine mammals - seals, fur seals, dolphins.