How is herpes transmitted?
There are two types of herpes simplex. Herpes simplex virus of the first type (HSV-I) causes a rash on the skin of the face, and most often near the lips. The second type of this virus (HSV-II) leads to the development of genital herpes.
There is another disease that is called herpes zoster or shingles. It is characterized by the appearance of herpetic eruptions along the intercostal nerves. This disease is caused by the herpes virus Zoster.
The disease of any kind of herpes gives every person a lot of suffering. Therefore, people want to know how herpes is transmitted to protect themselves from infection. Before we talk about the ways of transmission of herpes, I would like to emphasize that the herpes virus, once in the human body, does not disappear anywhere in the future, remaining in it forever.
How herpes is transmitted on the lips
Infection with the HSV-I virus usually occurs at the age of three to five years. But usually for the first time the disease manifests itself after puberty.
Infection occurs through kissing and contact with an infected surface, for example, drinking from one glass with a patient.
How is genital herpes transmitted
Infection with genital herpes occurs at the time of sexual contact with a sick person who is contagious during an exacerbation of the disease, i.e. with herpetic eruptions on the genitals.
Keep in mind that genital herpes is a very contagious disease. They can become infected even with a single unprotected sexual intercourse with a patient.
How is herpes zoster transmitted
Herpes zoster is a recurrence of varicella (chickenpox). Many people in childhood suffer from chickenpox. At the same time, the virus that caused the disease remains in the body for life. He "hides" in the nerve ganglia, representing clusters of nerve cells located on the sides of the spine. With age, there is a gradual decrease in acquired immunity to chickenpox, and the virus can then be activated, which is manifested in rashes of bubbles along the intercostal spaces and in sharp pain. The disease is not contagious, i.e. it is not transmitted from person to person.