How to develop analytical thinking in future psychologists
Mastering analytical thinking is requiredfor people of many specialties, whose activities are related to the need to process large amounts of diverse information based on logic. In the psychological work with different categories of people, the specialist should be able not only to analyze the data obtained, but also to simulate schemes for possible solution of problems, to predict the development of the situation in the near or distant future.
The formation of analytical thinking through various forms of learning
Analysis of the structuring of curricula forthe training of psychoanalysts in America led to the conclusion that students' analytical thinking can develop through a gradual transition from general knowledge to private knowledge, and, conversely, from private to general. And this and other structure allows teachers to achieve results when the student becomes a competent specialist, able to think logically, make informed decisions, and teach his client the basics of introspection. Experienced teachers who conduct practice among the population conduct lectures in the form of discussions, discussions of theories and cases from clinical practice. Young teachers conduct seminars on the articles of famous psychologists. Analytical thinking of teachers also continues to develop and improve, when the ideas of classics are reinterpreted by them with an emphasis on practical use.
Studying a variety of theoretical concepts,the student should have an idea about them, and also take part in the discussion of the possibilities of their use in the practice of future work. Participation in training trainings allows to form future psychologists' readiness to solve difficult and complex problem situations. When teaching students of psychological specialties, analytical thinking is the basic construct for the formation of their professional competence. The student makes an analysis of typical situations that can be encountered in his practice. And also identifies unique situations, the solution of which will require an extraordinary type of thinking, finding a new way to exit from them.
The analytic thinking of the psychologist goes beyondintroverted way of studying information. For a future psychologist, it is very important to develop communicative abilities, to possess the technique of conducting a conversation, to create a trusting environment in the process of working with the client.
Development of analytical thinking in the course of training practice
The first experience of psychological work is carried outunder the supervision of the head in the practice. The teacher, observing the work of several students, unites them in a supervisory group, in which he himself is the presenter. In turn, the trainees present their situation for discussion, which caused difficulties in their work. The situation can also be presented by a consultant who believes that several students have difficulties in the same field of practical research. Analytical thinking is the thinking of an outside observer who not only ascertains the facts, but also seeks to penetrate deep into the problem, to understand its motives. Future psychologists occupy the observing position, analyze the volume of material that is relevant in this situation, express their opinion based on the theories and author's concepts that were studied before. The teacher directs and controls the course of the students' thinking.
Even after graduating from high school to young specialistsit is recommended to participate in closed or open supervisory groups. This not only develops their analytical thinking, but also avoids mistakes in their work.