How to fast?
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The Christian fasting is spiritual and bodily abstinence, it is a serious test for man. Four days of fasting are held before the great Christian holidays, so that people spiritually and physically prepare for them, become cleaner, renewed, as nature does four times a year. This will give an opportunity to feel all the greatness of the holidays.
During the year, the Orthodox have 4 calendar posts:
- Great post. It lasts 49 days before Easter.
- Petrov post. It begins on the 58th day after Easter and ends on July 12th - the Day of the First Peter and Paul.
- Assumption post - from August 14. It ends on August 28 - the feast of the Assumption of the Mother of God.
- Christmas post. It lasts 40 days before the birth of Christ - from November 28 to January 6. January 7 - Christmas.
A Christian should fast even on the Epiphany Eve on January 18 and on the day of the Beheading of John the Forerunner, September 11.
In addition to the four calendar posts, the Orthodox hold weekly posts on Wednesday and Friday.Why precisely these days? On Wednesday, Christ was betrayed by his disciple Judas, and on Friday he was crucified on a cross. The exceptions are Wednesdays and Fridays in continuous Orthodox weeks and Christmas holidays from January 7-18. In total, during the year, the Orthodox fast about 220 days.
What can not be in the post
In the post is limited to the use of animal products: meat, milk, eggs and any products prepared with the data. It must be remembered that only refraining from eating certain foods without prayers, restrictions on fun - this is not a fast. Everything must be in unity. Only then does the true believer really fast. It must be remembered that the main thing in fasting is repentance, humility, the memory of the Lord, refraining from harsh words, correct behavior, help to those in need.
What can you eat in the post
In fasting eat fasting food. This food is cooked without use.animal products. Its main components are cereals, vegetables, fruits, lean bread, sunflower oil, mushrooms. Only on certain fasting days you can eat fish dishes.
Of course, today the menu of lean food is very diverse. However, it has not always been like this.The dishes in the post was prepared not so much.
Here are the mandatory dishes that it is desirable to have in the post on the table, the recipes that have come down to us from ancient times.
Lean food menu
- Turya. It's just cold salted water, in which pieces of bread and onions are added. Such a dish set up psychologically for fasting, symbolized the rejection of pleasures, asceticism during fasting.
- A vole is a liquid soup. It was made from fermented rye flour, adding mushrooms, onions.
Today, such first courses can even cause confusion. But this is how our ancestors fasted, so true believers fast today.
- Kashi. Long since porridge was a favorite dish of the Orthodox. Even the people wrote the proverb: "Porridge is our mother." What kind of porridge is not cooked in Russia: buckwheat, pea, carrot, turnip porridge and pumpkin. Porridge is boiled in water, adding, when allowed, sunflower or hemp oil.
- Reap. It is prepared on the last day of Advent - on Christmas Eve. This is also porridge, but from wheat grains. 100 grams of poppy, 1-3 tablespoons of honey, 100 grams of walnuts are added to 1 cup of grains. You can cook it well with rice.
- Solodukha.This is a very popular and healthy dish. Prepare it from germinated grains of wheat or rye. It is necessary to take 250 grams of flour from germinated grains, 50 grams of honey and 10 grams of yeast. Flour is stirred in hot water to a very liquid state, then allowed to cool and add sourdough honey. Give a wander for 10-12 hours, then put in a warm ovenfor the night. Three times they take out the pots of salt, put them in the snow or in cold water and put them in the oven again. The process, as can be seen, is long. Today, the dog can be bought in stores.
- Kulaga is a dish somewhat similar to barn, but boiled grated potatoes are added here. The dish is cooked for a very long time - almost a day. He must constantly stir. There is a gradual process of turning starch into glucose.
- Oatmeal - it was made from roasted oats, which was then pushed - hence the name. This is porridge, to which you can add frozen berries, dried fruits, honey. Cook porridge with milk at the rate of a glass of milk - 1-2 tablespoons of oatmeal.
In the post, they always baked lean pies in Russia, that is, one that did not add eggs or milk. And the filling was the most diverse: berries, mushrooms, cabbage, pumpkin and much more.
In Lent during the holidays you can eat butter, caviar, fish and drink wine:
- The Annunciation - April 7 (old style March 25);
- Lazarev Saturday - the sixth Saturday of the fast (you can not fish, only caviar);
- Palm Sunday - the last Sunday before Easter.
Who can not fast
Yes, the church allows some people to do this, taking care of their health. They may not only fast in fasting. But this relief concernsonly food. Prayer, humble behavior, abstaining from fun — that is, spiritual cleansing — should be mandatory for all people in fasting. These people include:
- pregnant women and children (in Russia, children were allowed to fast only in the first and last week of fasting);
- elderly and sick people.