How is a kidney removed?
A kidney is an organ that performs the function of a “filter” that helps cleanse the blood of various metabolic products. But why remove the kidney? The main reason for this is renal disease, namely the tumor. The kidney is removed through a complex operation called radical nephrectomy. Let us consider how the process of this complex operation proceeds. So how is a kidney removed?
How is the operation?
The incision can be located in the lumbar region or in the hypochondrium from the corresponding side. The choice of operative access will depend on the location and size of the tumor, the patient’s general condition and diseases, as well as the preferences of the doctor. The length of the incision on the skin is 20 cm. During this operation, not only the kidney itself is removed, but also the lymph nodes along with pararenal fat, as well as, if necessary, the adrenal gland. At the end of the operation, one or more drainage pipes are installed at the site of the remote kidney: their presence makes it possible to assess the state of the postoperative period.Next on the skin bandage. To control the level of urine secreted by another kidney, a catheter is inserted into the bladder through the urethra. Once the kidney is removed, the disability will be ensured.
How is the postoperative period
Almost always after the operation, the patient spends one day in the intensive care unit, from where, with a positive course, the next day he returns to his ward in the urology department. If there is pain in the postoperative wound area, the patient will receive regular painkillers.
How to behave at home
Within three months after surgery, you need to avoid physical exertion and exercise; first month - should wear a bandage. It is forbidden to lift weights (more than three kg). You can not drink alcohol and supercool. One may be in the fresh air and walking. As a rule, after 6–11 days after discharge from the hospital, if you feel well, you can resume work (of course, if it is not related to physical exertion). Sex life after surgery, you can begin to live in three to five weeks.