In what year the Berlin Wall was destroyed
In what year the Berlin Wall was destroyed
- 09 November 1989, under the influence of mass popular speeches, the GDR government lifted restrictions on communication with West Berlin, and from 1 July 1990 completely abolished border control. During January-November of the year 1990, all border installations were demolished, except for a stretch of 1,3 km left as a monument to one of the most famous symbols of the Cold War.
- During January-November of the year 1990, all border installations were demolished, except for a stretch of 1,3 km left as a monument to one of the most famous symbols of the Cold War.
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- In November 1989 the free passage through the Berlin Wall was opened.
A year later it was demolished. The Berlin Wall lasted 28 years, serving as a visual embodiment of the Iron Curtain.
According to the government of the GDR, when trying to cross the Berlin Wall, 125 people were killed. According to other sources, the death toll in an attempt to escape to the West was at least 1245 people.
BBC 12 August 2007 reported that the archives of the Ministry of State Security GDR were found documents that confirm that the authorities of the GDR ordered the destruction of all fugitives, including children.
According to modern Russian data, the total number of deaths in an attempt to cross the border was 192 person (killed by the use of arms by the GDR border guards, drowned, crashed, etc.), injured about 200 people, over 3 thousand were arrested. 8 border guards of the GDR were killed by border violators and shots from the territory of West Berlin.
- When in May 1989, under the influence of perestroika in the Soviet Union, the GDR partner under the Warsaw Pact Hungary destroyed the fortifications on the border with its western neighbor Austria, the leadership of the GDR was not going to follow suit. But soon it lost control of the rapidly unfolding events. Thousands of citizens of the GDR were drawn to other Eastern European countries in the hope of getting there from West Germany. Already in August 1989 diplomatic missions of Germany in Berlin, Budapest and Prague were forced to stop the visitors' visit due to the influx of residents of the GDR, who wanted to enter the West German state. Hundreds of East Germans fled to the West via Hungary. When 11 September 1989 Hungarian government announced the opening of the border, the Berlin Wall lost its meaning: during the three days of the GDR left over the territory of Hungary 15 thousand citizens. Mass demonstrations demanded civil rights and freedoms in the country.
9 November 1989 at 19 hours 34 minutes, speaking at a press conference that was broadcast on television, the GDR government representative Gunter Shabovski announced new rules for leaving and entering the country. According to the decisions taken, from the next day the citizens of the GDR could obtain visas for immediate visits to West Berlin and Germany. Hundreds of thousands of East Germans, not waiting for the appointed time, rushed in the evening 9 November to the border. Border guards who did not receive orders tried to push the crowd out first, use water cannons, but then, yielding to the mass pressure, they had to open the border. Meet the guests from the East came out thousands of residents of West Berlin. What was happening was like a national holiday. The feeling of happiness and fraternity washed away all state barriers and barriers. West-Berliners, in turn, began to cross the border, breaking through into the eastern part of the city.
Searchlights, crush, glee. A group of people had already rushed into the corridor of the border crossing, to the first latticework. Behind him are five embarrassed frontier guards, recalled the witness of what was happening Maria Meister from West Berlin. Soldiers watch from watchtowers, already surrounded by a crowd. The applause to every Trabant, to each embarrassingly approaching group of pedestrians Curiosity drives us forward, but there is also the fear that something terrible can happen. Do the border guards of the GDR realize that this over-protected border is now being violated? We go further. Legs go, reason cautions. Discharge occurs only at the intersection. We are just in East Berlin, people help each other with coins on the phone. People laugh, language refuses to obey: insanity, insanity. The light board shows the time: 0 hours 55 minutes, 6 degrees of heat.
Night with 9 on 10 November 1989. (Volkszeitung, 1989, 17 november .47). Over the next three days, the West was visited by more than 3 million people. 22 December 1989 opened to the passage of the Brandenburg Gate, through which the boundary was drawn between East and West Berlin. The Berlin Wall was still there, but only as a symbol of the recent past. It was broken up, painted with numerous graffiti, drawings and inscriptions, the Berliners and visitors of the city tried to carry away pieces that had been repulsed from the once powerful building. In October, 1990 was followed by the entry of the former GDR into the Federal Republic of Germany, and the Berlin Wall was demolished in a few months. Only small parts of it have been decided to be preserved as a monument for future generations.