Biography of Nursultan NazarbayevNursultan Nazarbayev - the first president of Kazakhstan, as well as the commander-in-chief of the republic’s armed forces. He has led the country since April 24, 1990 and has the right to remain in this post for life.
President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev
Childhood and family of Nursultan NazarbayevThe future president of a large country was born in a small foothill Kazakh village Chemolgan, in a simple peasant family. His paternal ancestors were shepherds, and his mother grew up in a mullah family. Nursultan was the fourth child of his parents, who also raised his two older brothers and a sister.
Nazarbayev Nursultan Abishevich
Despite all the difficulties, the family was very friendly, it honored national traditions and cultivated respect for elders. Children from an early age were familiar with national rites, songs and customs.
Nursultan Nazarbayev and his family
After the end of the seven-year plan Nursultan left for the construction of a new metallurgical plant in Temirtau. From there he was sent to study at the Dneprodzerzhinsk vocational school, which the young man successfully graduated from in 1960, receiving a metallurgical specialty. He returned to the Karaganda Metallurgical Plant, where he worked for the next nine years, and at the same time graduated from the university as a metallurgical engineer.
Political career of Nursultan NazarbayevNursultan devoted a lot of time and effort to party work and in 1973 became the secretary of the party committee of the plant, after five years having obtained the post of secretary of the Karaganda regional committee of the party.
Nursultan Nazarbayev in his youth
In 1989, he was unanimously elected people's deputy and at the same time chairman of the Supreme Council of Kazakhstan.
At this time in the republic, as well as throughout the Soviet Union, the democratic processes were triggered, caused by the new course on perestroika adopted in Moscow by Mikhail Gorbachev.
Nursultan Nazarbayev began his career as secretary
In 1997, the president transferred the capital of Kazakhstan from Alma-Ata (which, however, retained the unofficial status of the “southern capital”) to Astana, justifying its decision as a measure that would avoid the loss of the northern territories of Kazakhstan populated mainly by Russians.
In 1999, by the decision of the president, the Otan party was formed (in trans.“The light of the fatherland”), which was headed by Nazarbayev himself. Today it is the dominant political force in Kazakhstan.
President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev
The amendments were approved in May, and in June Nazarbayev dissolved the parliament and initiated early elections, in which the only political force to overcome the electoral barrier was his party, Nur Otan, which received 98 seats in parliament.
In 2010, Nazarbayev received the status of “inviolable”: as the leader of the nation, he could not be subject to administrative or criminal prosecution. The relevant amendments were invented by the lower house of parliament and approved by the upper one. Nazabrayev himself refused to approve them, as well as to impose a veto on them.
In 2015, Nursultan Nazarbayev turned 75 years old
According to his decision, the country went on the rails of a “nuclear-free” foreign policy: the nuclear test site in Semipalatinsk was liquidated and all the warheads remaining from Soviet times were destroyed.
In 2015, a Eurasian Economic Union was signed between Kazakhstan, Russia and Belarus, which was soon joined by Armenia and Kyrgyzstan. To date, more than fifty countries have expressed a desire to cooperate with the EAEU.
Nursultan Nazarbayev and his relatives in power
Personal life of Nursultan NazarbayevThe official wife of the President of Kazakhstan is Sara Alpisovna Nazarbayeva, whom he married in 1962, while still a simple worker.Sarah gave birth to the future leader of the nation of three daughters: the eldest Dariga (born in 1963), Dinara (born in 1967) and Aliya (born in 1980).
Nursultan Nazarbayev and his wife Sarah
Dariga - Doctor of Political Sciences, senator of the republic’s parliament, head of the Khabar media holding. It is widely believed that Dariga is not the president’s own daughter, born in Sarah Alpysovna’s first marriage. Until 2007, she was married to media mogul Rakhat Aliyev. The divorce followed a criminal case brought against the president’s son-in-law — Aliyev was accused of kidnapping Zholdas Timraliyev, vice-chairman of the leading bank of the Nurbank republic.
Nursultan Nazarbayev with his daughters and grandchildren
Aliya is a businesswoman, an ardent environmentalist, philanthropist. Its projects include Dalacom and Pathworld cellular communication lines, Luxor fitness clubs network, and Elitstroy construction company.At the age of 18, she married the son of then-President Askar Aliyev - Aidar Akayev. In 2001, the marriage broke up; the girl immediately formed a relationship with the footballer and subsequently the entrepreneur Daniyar Khasenov.
The wealth of Nazarbayev and his family
Nursultan Nazarbayev nowIn November 2016, the President of Kazakhstan gave a detailed interview to the authoritative English-language publication Bloomberg, describing his political plans. During the conversation, Nazarbayev said that he did not consider the hereditary transfer of power to his children: "Our transfer of power is spelled out in the Constitution."
Nursultan Nazarbayev rolled on an electric car
In early 2018, the president approved the transfer of the country from Cyrillic to Latin, endorsing a new alphabet of 32 letters. According to Nazarbayev’s decree, Kazakhstan will move to a new alphabet by 2025 in stages.