Perm: area, administrative-territorial division, population of the city
Perm - the backbone and the salt of the earth, asunofficially called the city, is a major industrial center not only of the Urals, but of the whole of Russia. Today the Trans-Siberian Railway passes through the city district, the river port on Kama has no less important logistical significance, and once the first railroad in the Urals was laid there.
The power of the power in the industrial sense isPermian. The population, area, geographical location, territorial division, infrastructure and current problems of the urban district will be briefly considered below.
Day in the European part of Russia begins exactlywith Perm. The name of the city, which is on the edge of Europe, in translation from Veppsian means "distant land." Perm is characterized by a ramified network of small rivers, extensive natural resources and a large number of green spaces. The city district is located on the banks of the Kama River, which is connected with five European seas.
The population of modern Perm
Population of the urban district of Permis 1,041,876 residents, directly in the city lives 991,162 people. In the past few years, the number of Perms has increased year by year, although before that, from 1990 to 2005, there has been a decrease in the number of people. Perm reached the millionth mark in 2012, although the city received the status of a millionaire by population and before that - in 1979.
The national composition of Perm as of 2002 is as follows:
- Russian (eighty eight percent);
- Tatars (four percent);
- Ukrainians (one and six tenths of a percent);
- Bashkirs (one percent);
- Komi-Permyaki (one percent);
- Udmurts (eight tenths of a percent);
- Byelorussians (six tenths of a percent);
- Other nationalities (two whole and one hundredth percent).
Area and territorial division
Perm is divided into seven urban areas.The area of the settlement allows you to accommodate in the city's county countless residential areas, urban forests and recreation parks, as well as a powerful complex of industrial enterprises. The Kama river, which divides the city into the right-bank and left-bank parts, is a peculiar city-forming axis.
The area of the territory of Perm is (km km) almost 800. The city is distinguished by a small population density combined with low-rise buildings and a huge number of green spaces.
Districts of the city district
The historical and business center of Perm isLeninsky district. There are libraries, a philharmonic society, theaters, galleries and exhibition halls, several higher educational institutions, representative offices of state structures and industrial enterprises. The Leninsky district occupies 47.5 square kilometers. km, which is almost six percent of the total urban area.
Ordzhonikidzevsky district occupies 22% of the areaPerm. In this administrative-territorial unit are located mainly industrial enterprises and the private sector. Private houses in Ordzhonikidzevsky district number three and a half thousand, multifamily - only eight hundred and fifty.
The rest of the city of Perm is Kirov,Industrial, Sverdlovsk, Dzerzhinsky, Motovilikhinsky - are evenly built up with multi-apartment and private houses, as well as industrial enterprises and objects of social orientation, that is hospitals, schools and kindergartens, shops. Among the urban forests that Perm (the area of the last in total is almost 34 thousand hectares) has extensive territories, except perhaps Sverdlovsk region, densely built up by residential buildings.
Infrastructure of the settlement
The main problems of Perm in the sphere of housing and communal services are:
- reduction in the volume of construction of affordable housing;
- Low availability of purchasing own residential space for citizens with low and medium income levels;
- insufficient financing of capital repairs of the housing stock from the local budget;
- the need for significant investment from the municipal authorities to stabilize the housing and communal services.
Correctness of planning of quarters and streets inthe center of the village is different Perm. The area of the city, in addition, is covered with a dense road network, so problems with ease of movement by personal vehicles are not observed. Road traffic is moderate, but differs in intensity during peak hours.
A significant share of the traffic ispublic transport. More than a thousand buses, almost two hundred trams and one hundred and twenty trolley buses - this kind of urban transport has Perm. The area of the city is also served by fixed-route taxis operating in twelve directions.
The main direction of infrastructure developmentthe city announced the extension of the rail transport. So, in the framework of the project "Perm tram" 45 new trams were purchased, which are characterized by low floor, especially convenient for the low-mobility citizens and parents with baby carriages, as well as the availability of Wi-Fi.