Syntactic analysis of the sentence
Syntactic analysis of the sentence is hisfull grammatical characteristic as a syntactic unit. It helps to correctly and accurately format them. With its help, you can check the correctness of punctuation. In addition, the syntactic analysis of the sentence helps to consolidate knowledge on the topic "Syntax."
To parse the sentence, you need to know:
- What is the difference between a sentence and a phrase;
- What is the difference between simple and complex sentences?
- what attributes are characteristic for him: the purpose of the utterance, intonational and semantic completeness, grammatical basis;
- species by number of grammatical bases;
- the type of proposal for the presence or absence of the main members: a two-part or one-part (impersonal, indefinite-personal, naming, generalized-personal, definitely-personal);
- types of complex sentences by the nature of the syntactic connection: allied (complex and compound), unionless;
- the syntactic role of individual words in it.
In addition, performing the syntactic analysis of the sentence, you must be able to:
- find the main members in it;
- to establish what type of proposal is grammatical (single-part - two-part);
- identify secondary members;
- indicate the presence of components that complicate it: homogeneous members, isolation, introductory elements, appeals, direct speech and citation;
- name the number of parts in the complex;
- indicate the type of compound sentence and syntactic connection.
Syntactic analysis of a simple sentence
1. Disassemble by members, highlighting all members of the proposal, determining what they are expressed.
2. Indicate the purpose of the statement (interrogative, prompt, narrative).
3. Characterize it by expressed intonations and emotions (exclamation, non-exclamation).
4. Determine how many grammatical bases and by their number indicate its type (simple, complex).
5. Indicate the type of proposal for the presence or absence of the main members (one-part, two-part., If single-piece, then which one).
6. Specify its type by the presence of secondary members (unaccounted for or common).
7. To characterize the sentence of completeness (incomplete, complete).
8. Identify the complicating components (complicated, uncomplicated, if complicated, then indicate what exactly).
Syntactic analysis of complex sentences
1. Deconstruct the members of the proposal, determine what they are expressed.
2. Indicate its purpose of utterance (interrogative, motivational, narrative).
3. Characterize by emotional coloration (non-exclamatory, exclamation).
4. By the presence of more than one grammatical basis, to determine that it is complex.
5. Indicate the type of syntactic connection (union, unionless, a combination of union and union).
6. Indicate its type (complex, compound, uncomplicated) and means of communication in it.
7. Specify the form of a complex sentence (which is compound or compound).
8. After that, each part of it is characterized individually using a simple sentence scheme).
9. Draw up a diagram showing the connections between its parts.
Example of a SYNTACTIC ANALYSIS OF A SIMPLE SUGGESTION:
Lilacs bloomed in our gardens.
-˖- ˖-˖-˖-˖ - ======= ------.
The proposal is narrative, non-exclamatory, simple, bicomponent, widespread, complete, uncomplicated.
AN EXAMPLE OF SYNTAX ANALYSIS OF A COMPLEX SUBMISSION:
I loved him very much, and he answered me the same.
- - - ˖-˖-˖-˖ =======, - - - ======= - - - -.
, yes and .
The sentence is compound, narrative, non-exclamatory, consists of two parts, which are connected by intonation, the connecting union "yes and" and are separated by a comma.
The first part (I loved it very much): simple, narrative, two-part, common, uncomplicated.
The second part (He answered me the same): simple, narrative, two-part, common, uncomplicated.
Performing the syntactic analysis of the sentence, which is part of the complex, we omit its characteristic of the emotional coloring and purpose of the utterance.