The image of a rebellious soul in Lermontov's romantic lyrics. M. Yu. Lermontov's works
Russian literature of the first third of the 19th century, according toadvantage, romantic. Readers were carried away by Byron and Schiller, Goethe and Walter Scott, Zhukovsky and Bestuzhev-Marlinsky. Paying tribute to the new trends, in this key create the early Pushkin, the young Ryleyev. The young Lermontov also harmoniously blended with the literary trend. However, it was he who had the particular honor of overcoming stamps and stereotypes and creating a fundamentally new - Lermontov - romanticism.
Why "not Byron"
The image of a rebellious soul in romantic lyricsLermontov stands alone among the literary characters close to the subject and the artistic means of their disclosure. In his program poem, comparing himself with the founder of English and European romanticism Byron, the young poet emphasizes that he has a "Russian" soul. And therefore everything that falls into the lyrical hero's field of vision is colored by the national Russian color, is transferred to the domestic soil. No, of course, the image of the rebellious soul in Lermontov's romantic lyrics is quite related to Byron's, and it's not for nothing that the poet uses a comparative comparison: "like him, a stranger driven by the world ...". However, this is all that unites the characters. Because the angry, often pompous disappointment of the characters of Byron's lyric poetry, their aspiration for exotic countries and fatal passions seem to be not real, like the play of actors in provincial theaters. The image of the rebellious soul in Lermontov's romantic lyrics is different.
The abyss between the hero and the "world"
On the scale and depth of experience, it is comparable,perhaps, with the boundless abyss of the ocean - inconceivable, mysterious, "morose". Hyperbole is generally characteristic of the poetry of Mikhail Yurievich. Moreover, it is appropriate when it comes to the most important things that are important to the author. The poet will never be understood by the crowd, will not be open to her, for it is too great. Therefore, the image of the rebellious soul in Lermontov's romantic lyrics is always tragic. He is a loner, doomed by his talent for a spiritual vacuum. Only the Creator, the Creator is equal to the Poet. Only He or the author himself can convey to the rest of his thoughts, feelings, ideals of the lyric hero. But in this way, the problem of the spiritual loneliness of the creative personality in the world of average people, "selfish mediocrities" is even more acute. It is she who dedicates many poems to M. Lermontov.
"I'm alone ..."
Continuing the theme of loneliness as one of thetrunk in the romantic direction, we will consider in a few more examples its projection on Lermontov's lyrics. The life of Mikhail Yurievich is endless wanderings, and he himself is a wanderer, an "oak leaf", which is stripped from his place by alien external forces. Is that why his poems are about? M. Lermontov wrote a lot on the topic of freedom / lack of freedom, by which he understands not only the absence of external shackles, but also the possibility of a creative person to live as he sees fit. The poet did not have this freedom. The link was replaced by a reference, some censorship restrictions by others, persecution by persecution. Because so often arises in his lyrics the motive of captivity, imprisonment, prison. A prisoner, languishing behind bars, looking longingly at the distant sky, to the expanses - the poet himself, Lermontov. Quotations of works on hearing, is not it? "I'm alone, there is no joy ...", "I'm sitting silently under the window of the prison ..." and many others.
Features of Lermontov Romanticism
And even in those lyrical miniatures that,seemingly far from social problems, the tragic note of anguish and hopelessness before the implacability of the Rock, personified by the Russian autocracy, sounds clear and clear. Remember the famous: "The clouds of heaven, / eternal pilgrims ...")? What Lermontov writes (quotes): "You are racing, / as if I am / exiles ..." And then he lists the reasons that are fleeing the "cute north" running clouds. Agree, they correspond more to our restless human tribe, than to "eternally free" and "eternally cold" indifferent clouds. And this, he, Lermontov, was constantly hampered by the open malice of the world, and the secret envy of enemies, and "fate's decision" in the person of the government. Therefore, the romantic tradition of opposing the individual and the world acquires in the work of Mikhail Yurievich another interpretation than in European literature.
Life is struggle
The themes of Lermontov's poetry are diverse andversatile. This is the patriotic lyrics, and love, and socio-political, civil, philosophical, poet and poetry. But first of all, this is the lyrics of protest, struggle, intransigence, rebellious anxiety. The lyrical hero of the poet can not be pacified, calm, serene by definition - well, not his it, not him! What poem you remember when you mention the name of Lermontov? "The sail is white, is not it?" And not only because he is one of the first we teach in school. A solitary fragile sail, battered by storms, but bravely and boldly guiding his way against the current, eager for struggle and seeing the meaning of life in it, is Mikhail Yuryevich, as we know him from poems, poems, dramas, and memoirs of contemporaries. This is confirmed by such works of M. Lermontov as, for example, "Dagger", "I look sad ...", "And bored, and sad ...", "Poet".
Poet and poetry
The image of a dagger, an invariable attribute of a romanticpoetry, is present in the lyrics of Lermontov. And if in the poem of the same name he denotes a really cold weapon, personifies the belligerence and freedom-loving not only of the mountain peoples, but also the lyric hero ("I love you, / bulatny my dagger"), then in the Poet Mikhail Yurievich again resorts to the analogy. He compares Poetry's poetry with the double-edged sword. Once Poet's thought, his inspired images captivated the people, raised morale, ignited to the battle for high ideals. But it was like that once. And then poetry, art retreated to the second plan, passed educational positions, refused to go in the spiritual vanguard. Poetry has exchanged its terrible, restless, but such an important primacy for calm, indifference, laziness. It became useless, entertaining, like a dagger, a golden toy hanging on the wall. The romantic rebellious spirit of Lermontov can not reconcile with this state of affairs. He bitterly exclaims: will the "ridiculed prophet" wake up, dare to regain his former power over the minds and souls, again become the heralds of the "truths of the ages" or in spiritual, moral dysfunction, equivalent death.
Love and philosophical lyrics
Romantic hero, as a rule, unhappy inlove. She is either undivided, or lovers are separated by insurmountable obstacles. Lermontov's topic is much deeper. The poet is not only incomprehensible to the crowd - his love is also frustrated. "I'm sad from the fact that you're having fun ...", "I will not take offense at you ..." - these are the most typical examples of personal relationships between the lyric hero and the addressees of his love lyrics. A lone pine tree, dreaming of a beautiful palm tree, a sad cliff, hiding a tear and looking with longing after the fleeing cloud - all this Lermontov. He is "bored and sad," "there is no one to give a hand," he alone "goes out on the road." Closed in itself, constantly reflecting, being in a hostile environment of light, the poet does not find a kindred, dear soul. Proud, recalcitrant Demon, eternal sufferer and wanderer, dared to rise alone against all.
Mtsyri - favorite ideal of the poet
And one more rebellious, restless soul attractsour attention in the work of Lermontov. This is Mtsyri, his favorite hero. Proud, independent, unrestrained by fate, rebellious and free, giving himself away the only dream and passion - to gain will and homeland, to learn, "for the will or prison" man is born.