The KGB: the abbreviation and authority of the agency
Every people living in the territorya certain state or union, has the right to security and favorable conditions for life. In this regard, the government of the country is trying to create a powerful team that would deal with such important matters, providing the population with everything necessary. In due time this function was performed by the KGB (decoding: "Committee of State Security"). During the Soviet Union, the system was the central administrative body, which provided security throughout the country and operated for 37 years.
Functions and powers of the service
The KGB of the USSR was engaged in operative-searchactivities, the protection of state borders, external search and counterintelligence, and the provision of government communications. The committee also fought against dissent, nationalism and anti-Soviet activities. The system consisted of separate elements (there were altogether fourteen of them) in the territories of the republics of the union, local authorities, military districts, formations, border troops, research institutions and educational institutions and many other divisions. KGB (the decipherment of which is known to almost everyone) at that time had different names and statuses. Today this name is used, as a rule, in colloquial speech, when one of the special services of Russia is mentioned.
History of the Committee
The State Security Committee waswas formed on February 4, 1954. It included the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR, various services and departments. The chairman of the KGB (whose decipherment was formally approved on March 13, 1954) was Colonel-General I. Serov. It should be noted that the committee was established not to become the central body of state power. He was supposed to be an agency under the Government of the Soviet Union.
Feature of the system were organizedthe KGB of the USSR. It is known that there were only sixteen of them, but some sources deny this information, claiming that the quantity has not been accurately determined. The first main office was intelligence, the second - internal security. Then, military counterintelligence, combating anti-Soviet elements, transport security, operational search, encryption and decryption and communications, guarding the government and party leaders, the Moscow Kremlin commandant's office, medicine (health care), radio interception, electronic intelligence, economic reliability.
Training of KGB officers
The history of the KGB (the interpretation of which in our timeoften used to refer to Russian special services) is quite extensive and covers virtually every area of government. The number of bodies working on the committee was about three hundred thousand people. With the KGB, there were educational institutions whose purpose was to prepare and issue highly skilled cadres for the state security organs of the Soviet Union. They included universities, colleges, schools, training centers and special courses. The activities of institutions were supervised by the KGB.