What are the causes of the collapse of the USSR?
Analyzing the reasons for the collapse of such a great power as the USSR, it is possible to identify several views on this historical event. Let's look at the main causes of the collapse of the USSR.
The first is the complete collapse of communist philosophy. The party elite has ceased to be satisfied with the benefits of the same with the lower layers. She wanted more, so social inequality grew every day. The population, as well as the officials, wanted to improve their financial situation with the help of “cronyism” and other cunning moves. Party congresses have become increasingly hypocritical and unreal.
Take as an example the life of Brezhnev. He lived in luxury, which completely contradicted the ideology of communism. It was he who at that time created and headed the largest corruption component of the country, brought his relatives to the office. Domestic cars were produced in the country, and the general secretary himself preferred to drive only foreign cars. Thus, speaking from high tribunes, he carried one to the masses, and in life he and his assistants did something completely different. It was Brezhnev who allowed discord in the state.The state system has become profitable for dishonest officials, which every day became more and more.
The next reason is the increased militarization of the country. Worldwide, there were fewer and fewer countries in which there were no USSR bases. It was the Soviet Union that always supported all the militant regimes, supplied the rebels with weapons and tried to develop a "world revolution." It also made the country weaker every day. It became less and less allies in the world community. As for the war in Afghanistan, it also became an indirect cause of the collapse of the USSR.
It is also possible to include the technological backwardness of this country in the causes of the collapse of the USSR. Modern technology has evolved only through espionage in various Western countries. Science focused on the development of the military industry, while other economic spheres froze in their development. The discontent of the people intensified every day. The reason lay in the fact that the USSR did not own any modern technologies, resulting in the lack of production of even the simplest everyday things.That is why all the Western things in the country gained incredible popularity.
Drop in fuel prices
The fourth reason for the fall of such a power as the USSR was the fall in oil prices. The country basically lived through the sale of fuel, grain and other products were bought with the money received. Also acquired and the necessary technologies that were urgently needed by the country.
Another fact that can be included in the main reasons for the collapse of the USSR is a failure in ideology and information, which has become apparent against the background of a clearly manifested Western system. Life in the USSR did not seem bad: people received apartments, food and food were cheap, but people could not compare their lives with the western. Free apartments and the protection of the state seemed to them the responsibility of the government. That is why, having seen how the world lives, they thought that the west also lives. It was at this time that the most famous myth of a completely carefree, heavenly life in the West appeared.
Facts such as the export of grain products, tried to carefully hide, man-made incidents were also hiding in safes with the “secret” stamp.The man had to live and work, not thinking about anything. Soviet television concealed the most terrible facts and incidents, bringing to the public court only information about party meetings and agricultural successes.
The next reason for the fall of the USSR was the weak development of culture. The government of the country tried its best to restrain the development of culture at the highest level. The culture was rather boring and limited. News and concerts were quite monotonous and predictable. The Soviet people were less and less interested in their homeland and looked towards the West.
The pressure from the government was felt not only among the musical circles, but also in the cinema. Strict censorship put on the cabinet hundreds of masterpiece films. The country was taboo on everything that even the slightest hint of sex had. In the USSR, there was no reasonable balance between what was permitted and what was forbidden. Imposing a strict ban, the state constrained the movement and development of its citizens, which adversely affected their attitude towards their homeland. In addition to the ban on sex, there was also a ban on religion.
Feeling squeezed on all sides, a citizen of the USSR tried to get out of this state through processions rallies and revolutions. All of the above reasons for the collapse of the USSR and became the impetus for restructuring.