What are the dictionaries?
Currently, there are a little more than two dozen dictionaries in which words and expressions of a particular language (or languages) are divided into certain types. So, consider what dictionaries are.
These linguistic dictionaries explain the meanings of various words and stable idiomatic expressions (idioms) of a language using the tools of the same language. Explanatory dictionaries can be more or less complete and designed for a particular circle of readers. The most complete and accurate dictionaries are called academic.
A fairly large group of dictionaries, the purpose of which is to cover a single or several groups of vocabulary of a language, combined by any grammatical basis. For example, there are dictionaries of verbs, adjectives, indeclinable words.
Word formation and morphemic dictionaries
Dictionaries of morphemes - roots, suffixes, prefixes and other parts of the word that serve for word formation in a particular language.
This group of dictionaries is less common, and its purpose is the right choice of words to express their thoughts more stylistically correctly. Given the current level of oral and especially written language, dictionaries such a good idea to publish a large number of copies.
Thesaurus or thesaurus
In these vocabulary words are divided into groups of similar meaning, which facilitates the compilation of texts on any particular topic.
They greatly simplify many linguistic research, since words are arranged alphabetically, but in reverse order, that is, from right to left. Thus, it is very easy to quickly select all or verbs, such as adjectives. I have a dictionary (authored A.A.Zaliznyaka) greatly facilitated the preparation of the practical part of the thesis.
Spelling and pronouncing dictionaries
They are a list of words of a language with their correct spelling (spelling) and the setting of stress (pronouncing) and indicating the options if necessary.
Dictionaries selected groups of vocabulary, selected according to different principles.Here we will assign the dictionaries of antonyms, synonyms, homonyms and paronyms. In dictionaries of synonyms you will find the words, different in spelling and sound, but similar in meaning ( "beautiful" - "beautiful"). Dictionary of homonyms, on the contrary, contain the words are identical in spelling and sound but different in meaning ( "onion" as the plant and "onion" as a weapon). But in dictionaries paronyms you will learn root words, similar in sound and spelling but different in meaning, which is often confused (for example, "dress" and "wear"). Antonyms are words that are opposite in meaning (“good” - “evil”).
In these dictionaries is a list of words that have recently entered a particular language.
Bilingual or translation dictionaries
Dictionaries that translate words from one language to another. These dictionaries are usually bilingual, but there are instances, and with a large number of languages (eg, French-Russian-German).
A group of dictionaries that contain a list of proper names of people (name, surname), as well as nicknames and aliases in a particular language.
Here we are talking about how to call the inhabitants of a city, region or region.
Linguistic and Cultural Dictionaries
They contain detailed information about the culture and life of the people who speak the language being studied.
Dictionaries of linguistic terms
These dictionaries explain the meaning of terms in various areas of linguistics, from phonetics and graphics to syntax and style.
Here you will find a transcript of all sorts of abbreviations and abbreviations that are widely used in a particular language.
These publications are more or less complete lists of terms (with interpretations) in a particular branch of science or industry.
Of course, this list is far from complete, since there are more narrowly focused dictionaries (for example, dictionaries of epithets and comparisons or dictionaries of language difficulties), however, such dictionaries are quite rare and they have to be used, basically, only by a narrow circle of specialists.
Unlike linguistic dictionaries, which we discussed before, encyclopedic dictionaries are explanatory dictionaries designed to study the realities of a particular area of knowledge or profession.In addition, encyclopedic dictionaries are both universal (for example, children's encyclopedias or the Great Soviet Encyclopedia) and industry-specific. As examples to the last we will give the philosophical encyclopedia and the astronomical encyclopedia. Well, I think we have quite fully answered the question of which dictionaries exist.