What does a liver look like?
Human liver is the largest organ. The weight of the liver of an average adult is 1.5 kg. It consumes a large percentage of the total percentage of all oxygen consumed by the body, which reaches 30%. The liver is located under the diaphragm in the upper abdomen. The liver is involved in all processes of the body. Its cells are capable of regeneration.
The structure of the liver is complex, it is asymmetric and has a division into segments and lobes. First of all, it is divided into two surfaces: the upper, convex, adjacent to the diaphragm, and the lower, concave, adjacent to the peritoneum. The liver itself is divided into three lobes: the right large, the left smaller and the small square lobule with the gall bladder adjacent below.
There are over 500 types of tasks performed by the liver in the body. The work done by her is extremely significant: the liver is involved in all metabolic processes. So, carbohydrates, going to the liver, become glycogen. She is directly involved in blood formation and produces hormones, and participates in blood coagulation, producing the necessary substances, in particular heparin.
The liver builds barriers in the way of poisons and harmful substances entering the body, which are neutralized in it. And it is the liver that makes safe those substances that are absorbed through the intestinal walls.
She also produces bile and contributes her share of digestion. The bile duct through the gallbladder is the flow of bile into the intestine. If a person is hungry, the amount of bile produced is small. But after eating, its volume increases significantly. The task of the liver is the breakdown of fats into particles, which become soluble compounds.
Liver disease a lot. Among them are known to all hepatitis, acute and chronic cirrhosis, cholecystitis and not too well-known cholestasis, steatosis, hepatoblastoma, angiosarcoma, etc.
Since the bile ducts pass through the liver and the gallbladder is located in it, diseases of these organs are closely connected with diseases of the liver. Knowing what a liver looks like is not only necessary for doctors. The structure and function of the liver are studied in school during anatomy lessons. In addition, knowledge of the shape and location of the liver, as well as the possible symptoms of its diseases are necessary for everyone.This will be required in order to correctly diagnose the first symptoms of a deviation in the work of this body and to seek medical assistance in a timely manner.
Why is the liver sick?
The most significant cause of liver disease remains diseases generated by technological progress, because human labor is increasingly automated and a person is required to perform fewer gestures. First of all, it is hypodynamia. Of great importance and alcoholism. Stresses received daily, people with a weak psyche tend to pour alcohol. The causes of liver disease can be attributed to the habitual and improper diet and viral infections.
To understand what a person’s liver looks like when it is afflicted with a disease, you need to undergo a medical examination. The liver does not send pain signals, but there are signs by which it can be determined that it is not healthy. The most visible signs are the color of the skin and the whites of the eyes - they turn yellow. At the first appearance of yellowness, it is recommended to consult a doctor and not self-medicate.