What does systematics study: the history of development and the importance of science
From our article you will learn what systematics is studying. This ancient biological science studies absolutely all living organisms. How is this possible? Let's understand together.
Development of science
The first information about this doctrine is known fromtimes of ancient Greek scientists - Aristotle and Theophrastus. They made the first attempts to unite living organisms according to certain characteristics. They were two groups of plants: grasses and trees, as well as animals with "hot" and "cold" blood.
What does systematics study and how important it is,especially it became clear in the era of great discoveries. Information about living organisms has become much larger, the number of known species has increased significantly. It became clear that the signs underlying the previous classification were not enough.
It is scientific to formulate what the systematics is studying,succeeded only in the 19 th century, the Swedish naturalist Karl Linnaeus (he is pictured in the photo). He introduced the science of taxa, which are relevant in the modern period. They had a strictly hierarchical character and met certain characteristics. For example, the class of plants was determined strictly by the number of pistils and stamens in a flower.
The smallest unit of classification is traditionallyis a view. All of them have binary, or double names. For example, poplar silver or yarrow ordinary. The highest taxon is the kingdom. At this stage in the development of science, there are five of them: Plants, Animals, Mushrooms, Bacteria and Viruses. The organisms related to them are grouped together on the basis of their origin, phylogeny and structure.
Each kingdom has its own classification. For example, consider what is studying the taxonomy of animals. The subject of her research are the signs on the basis of which these organisms can be combined into taxa of different orders and to clarify the position in the system of the organic world of individual individuals.
So, we answered the question what is studyingsystematics. Its subject is the classification of living organisms. This science provides an opportunity to orientate in the diversity of all living things, makes their study easier and more understandable.