What is hepatitis?
Hepatitis is an inflammatory disease that affects the liver. Hepatitis is different, different ways of infection. Let's talk more about what is hepatitis, consider its types and methods of treatment.
The acute form of hepatitis is characterized by symptoms of general intoxication of the body, abnormal liver function - the appearance of jaundice, fever and so on, the content of bilirubin in the blood, and also transaminases increase. The general condition of a sick person is deteriorating. With the acute form of hepatitis, there is a greater chance of recovery, but there is a risk of further development. Most often, the disease has a viral nature or is the result of poisoning with heavy poisons.
The chronic form of hepatitis is not necessarily the result of acute. It can also develop independently due to alcoholism. Most often, the disease is asymptomatic, which makes it difficult to diagnose. But still with the development of the chronic form of hepatitis, dull pain in the right hypochondrium, an increase in the liver,intolerance to fatty foods and so on. If left untreated, hepatitis subsequently becomes cirrhosis.
Methods for diagnosing hepatitis
For accurate diagnosis it is best to pass a blood test for hepatitis. It allows you to identify the disease in the initial stages, which means that a person has a great chance of a quick recovery. With a positive result, do some more tests. Jaundice, which occurs due to an increase in bilirubin in the blood, is not always manifested. Also conducted a clinical examination of the patient.
First of all, hepatitis is infected through the blood. So, at risk are people who have promiscuous sex and drug addicts. There is also the risk of infection through medical instruments, especially dental and gynecological. Therefore, you need to carefully choose the hospital. A very small risk of infection can be through tools for manicure and pedicure. The cause of the chronic form of hepatitis is alcohol abuse. Do not forget about the strong poisons. It must be understood that hepatitis is a disease that can be cured, but it is better to prevent its development.
Types of hepatitis
By nature, hepatitis is toxic, viral and autoimmune.
- Thus, toxic hepatitis develops as a result of taking certain medications. This is due to the individual intolerance of some components. It may also appear due to the use of certain drugs in large doses and poisons, such as paracetamol, white phosphorus, carbon tetrachloride, pale toadstool, industrial poisons, hormonal or anti-TB drugs, ibuprofen, etc.
- Autoimmune hepatitis is most common in women. This is usually a congenital defect of HLA II membrane receptors, which leads to the development of the disease. There are a number of other causes that can lead to autoimmune hepatitis.
- The most common viral hepatitis. It has several forms - A, B, C, D, E, F. More common are the first four types. By the nature of their share in accordance with the method of infection. So hepatitis A and F are related to intestinal infections. And for the types of hepatitis, infection of which occurs through fluids: sperm, blood, breast milk, is characterized by a group of typical blood infections.These include hepatitis B, C, D.
The symptoms can not determine the type of hepatitis, for this it is necessary to conduct laboratory tests. It is also impossible to predict the course of the disease and its outcome. But in any case, early stage hepatitis is treated well.